Synthesis Report: Migratory Pathways for Start-ups and Innovative Entrepreneurs in the European Union

Over half of the EU Member States consider that attracting and retaining innovative entrepreneurs and start-ups from countries outside the EU will promote a vibrant entrepreneurial culture. What are the main pull factors and requirements for foreign start-up founders and employees? The study from the European Migration Network reveals good practices and challenges from 25 EU Member States.

Main key points to note:

    • Fostering innovation and entrepreneurship is a national policy priority in the majority of Member States;
    • Thirteen Member States have specific admission schemes in place (mainly residence permits and/or visas) for start-up founders and innovative entrepreneurs from third countries;
    • Member States without a specific scheme use other channels to admit start-up founders such as long-term visas and residence permits for self-employment and business activities; or investors permits;

In 2018, the highest number of applications for start-up schemes was recorded in Estonia (783), followed by Spain (305); Lithuania (178); the Netherlands (127); Finland (108); Italy (92); Ireland (42) and Cyprus (7).

Please find below the following documents:

  • Synthesis Report
  • National Report
  • EMN Inform
  • EMN Inform in French (translated version provided by EMN France)
  • EMN Luxembourg Inform (FR)
  • EMN Flash (one pager)
  • EMN Flash in French (translated version provided by EMN France)