Synthesis Report: Migratory Pathways for Start-ups and Innovative Entrepreneurs in the European Union

Over half of the EU Member States consider that attracting and retaining innovative entrepreneurs and start-ups from countries outside the EU will promote a vibrant entrepreneurial culture. What are the main pull factors and requirements for foreign start-up founders and employees? The study from the European Migration Network reveals good practices and challenges from 25 EU Member States.

Main key points to note:

    • Fostering innovation and entrepreneurship is a national policy priority in the majority of Member States;
    • Thirteen Member States have specific admission schemes in place (mainly residence permits and/or visas) for start-up founders and innovative entrepreneurs from third countries;
    • Member States without a specific scheme use other channels to admit start-up founders such as long-term visas and residence permits for self-employment and business activities; or investors permits;
    • In all States, the withdrawal of protection status can have consequences for the right of residence of a (former) beneficiary of international protection, depending in most cases on the individual circumstances of the person concerned, and may also affect the protection status and right to residence of family members and dependants.

In 2018, the highest number of applications for start-up schemes was recorded in Estonia (783), followed by Spain (305); Lithuania (178); the Netherlands (127); Finland (108); Italy (92); Ireland (42) and Cyprus (7).

Please find below the following documents:
– Synthesis Report
– National Report
– EMN Luxembourg Inform (FR).